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toefl词汇表

作者:新航道南宁学校 2019-04-28 15:33 来源:广州编辑
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托福词汇题看似简单,但陷阱居多,所以成为了横亘在各个阶段/各个基础的托福考生之间的大难题,那到底如何能秒选词汇并保证超高正确率呢?我们先来看几道!敢来吗?

1.Still others argue that volcanic dust injected into the atmosphere shields Earth from the Sun’s rays and initiates an ice age.

The word “initiates” in the passage is closest in meaning to

▢ begins

▢ accelerates

▢ ends

▢ avoids

2.Overexploitation is the overuse by humans of a population of organisms to an extent that threatens the viability of the population or radically alters the natural community in which it lives.

The word “viability” in the passage is closest in meaning to

▢ ability to exist

▢ mobility

▢ rate of growth

▢ ability to change

3.This is partially disguised by the fact that we are still able to harvest huge quantities of marine species.

The word “disguised” in the passage is closest in meaning to

▢ hidden

▢ contradicted

▢ balanced

▢ made worse

4.The species living in rain forests must engineer their calls to accommodate all of the obstacles, such as leaf cover, that can deflect and degrade the sounds intended for a potential receiver.

To “deflect” sounds mean to change their

▢ direction

▢ volume

▢ frequency

▢ clarity

5.The species living in rain forests must engineer their calls to accommodate all of the obstacles, such as leaf cover, that can deflect and degrade the sounds intended for a potential receiver.

The word “potential” in the passage is closest in meaning to

▢ favorable

▢ possible

▢ expected

▢ chosen

小试身手之后

先把答案揣在兜里藏一会儿

先给大家简单介绍一些词汇题的答题技巧

01

积累单词量

托福阅读词汇中考察的词汇经常是一词多义,并且避开常用意思而是考察生僻意思。

例如,project最常见的意思是“项目”,而在托福阅读中常考:

1. 投射,举例:The cinema did not emerge as a form of mass consumption until its technology evolved from the initial "peepshow" format to the point where images were projected on a screen in a darkened theater (OG- Early Cinema)

2. 预测、估计:Wind power experts project that by the middle of the twenty-first century wind power could supply more than 10 percent of the world’s electricity(TPO 3-3)

所以,宝宝们在备考过程中要注意广泛积累单词,并熟悉单词的多种意思。

02

上下文分析

在掌握一定词汇量前提下,我们还需要掌握一些阅读技能,充分利用上下文的各种信息,通过头脑的综合分析做出最佳的判断,是推断词义的重要手段。这些上下文的线索包括:含对比意义的词;有并列结构的词等。

1. 对比

Passage5: In this newly emerging economic order, workers sometimes organized to protect their rightsand traditional ways of life.Craft workers such as carpenters, printers, and tailors formedunions, and in 1834 individual unions came together in the National Trades' Union. The labormovement gathered some momentum in the decade before the Panic of 1837, but in the depression that followed,labor's strength collapsed. 

The phrase gathered some momentum in the passage is closest in meaning to_______.

○ made progress

○ became active

○ caused changes

○ combined forces

解析:词组所在的文章句子中出现转折词but,根据文章中but后面的内容depression that followed(随后的萧条,低迷),我们可以得出短语gathered some momentum在此句中的的意思为made progress(取得进步)。

2. 例子

Passage8: One cognitive theory suggests that aggravating and painful events trigger unpleasantfeelings. These feelings, in turn, can lead to aggressive action, but not automatically. Cognitive factors intervene. People decide whether they will act aggressively or not on thebasis of factors such as their experiences with aggression and their interpretation of otherpeople's motives. Supporting evidence comes from research showing that aggressive peopleoften distort other people's motives. For example, they assume that other people mean them harm when they do not.

 

The word distort in the passage is closest in meaning to________.

○ mistrust

○ misinterpret

○ criticize

○ resent

解析:distort所在的文章句子后出现“ for example”, 根据for example后面的句子,harm when they do not(不伤害他们)我们可以得出distort在此句中的意思为misinterpret(曲解,误解)。

3. 并列信息

Passage 3:

Absenteeism and lateness hurt productivity and, since work was specialized, disrupted the regular factory routine. Industrialization not only produced a fundamental change in the way work was organized; it transformed the very nature of work.

The word disrupted in the passage is closest in meaning to

○ prolonged

○ established

○ followed

○ upset

解析:disrupt 在的文章句子中出现and连接的并列信息hurt(伤害),根据这一并列信息,我们可以得出disrupt在此句中的意思为upset。

如果说得听力者得托福,那么得词汇者方能得阅读啦,词汇题作为阅读题中比较基础,占比很大(3-5道)的题型,绝对是兵家必争之地哦!只有保证词汇题百分百的正确率,阅读高分的梦想才有可能实现哦

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